Home Schooling 
                                        Requirements and Regulations

 

National High School

Home Schooling Requirements and Regulations

Homeschooling resources

 

 

Homeschooling Offers You More Control, Flexibility, And Precision When It Comes To Your Children 

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Before beginning home school programs or any other alternative education program it is extremely important to ensure you are aware of the home schooling requirements and regulations that pertain to your area. One of the best ways to learn about local regulations is from other home schooling families. You should also check with the local school authorities such as the school board or the local government entity that is charge of controlling schooling and alternative schools in your area. Keep in mind; however, that it is a good idea to verify anything you are told with other home school resources, in case you are mislead.


Legalities

Be aware that in some areas home schooling is actually illegal. There may be people who home school
underground in these areas, but it is still illegal. In areas where homeschooling is legal you will usually need to advise the local school authorities that you are home schooling your children. You may also need to complete documentation. The actual process can vary from one area to another. An excellent source for information is the Home School Legal Defense Association, www.hslda.org

The regulations regarding homeschooling vary from one state to another. The types of requirements and regulations you may encounter include:

bullet   States that require no notice by parents

bullet  States with low regulations; such as parental notification only

bullet  States with moderate regulation; such as having parents send notification as well as test scores and/or professional evaluations of student progress

bullet  States with high regulations; in some states parents are required to send notification of achievement test scores and/or professional evaluation along with other requirements such as curriculum approval by the state, teacher qualification of parents and home visits by state officials.

In at least fifteen states, individual home school programs may operate under private school or church school laws.

These states include:

bullet  Alaska

bullet  Alabama

bullet  California

bullet  Illinois

bullet  Indiana

bullet  Kansas

bullet  Kentucky

bullet  Michigan

bullet  Nebraska

bullet  Louisiana

bullet  Ohio

bullet  Pennsylvania

bullet  Tennessee

bullet  Texas

bullet  West Virginia

In five states groups of homeschoolers instead of home schools qualify as church or private schools. Home schoolers have the option of operating under either a private school law or home school law.

These states include:

bullet  Colorado

bullet  Florida

bullet  Maine

bullet  Virginia

bullet  Utah

Currently, there are only two states that require home schools to be subject to discretionary approval of the local school district, state commissioner or school board. They are Rhode Island and Massachusetts.

South Carolina is the only state in which the legislature has specifically exempted home school associations from compulsory attendance. In this state, any homeschooler who is enrolled in the South Carolina Association of Independent Home Schools or an association of 50 or more homeschoolers is not required to meet the home school law requirements.

In Oklahoma, there is a constitutional amendment that specifically guarantees the right to home school. In Idaho, children must be ‘otherwise comparably instructed.’ There is no approval required. In New Jersey, home schools fall under the category of ‘elsewhere than at school. In South Dakota, home schools are ‘alternative instruction programs.’ Notification and testing is required.

41 states do not require home school parents to meet any specific teacher qualification. In 9 states, parents are only required to have a high school diploma or GED.

These states include:

bullet  Georgia

bullet  North Carolina

bullet  New Hampshire

bullet  Ohio

bullet  Pennsylvania

bullet  South Carolina

bullet  Tennessee

bullet  West Virginia

In the District of Columbia, parents are also required to either have a high school diploma or GED. North Dakota does not require parents to have a high school diploma or GED as long as the parent is monitored by a certified teacher for two years.

In 24 states, standardized testing or evaluation of the family is required under the home school law.

Standardized testing only is required in the following states:

bullet  Arkansas

bullet  Georgia

bullet  Hawaii

bullet  Minnesota

bullet  North Carolina

bullet  North Dakota

bullet  Oregon

bullet  Pennsylvania

bullet  Tennessee

bullet  New York

13 of those 24 states provide an alternative to testing.

Those states include:


bullet  Colorado

bullet  Florida

bullet  Iowa

bullet  Louisiana

bullet  Maine

bullet  Massachusetts

bullet  New Hampshire

bullet  New York

bullet  Ohio

bullet  Vermont

bullet  Virginia

bullet  West Virginia

bullet  Washington

Only two states allow homeschoolers to obtain a religious exemption from compulsory attendance laws. Those states are Virginia and Vermont.
Five states require instruction of amount of instruction time to be equivalent to that of the public school. These states include:

bullet  Connecticut

bullet  Indiana

bullet  Kansas

bullet  Maine

bullet  New Jersey

High school graduation requirements for homeschoolers is imposed by only three states; North Dakota, New York and Pennsylvania.

Guidelines and regulations for homeschooling are set by every state and local government. It is very important that you know and comply with the exact and current homeschooling requirements for your state. A good working relationship with the local government is for the benefit for all - at the end of the day, they too want your child to get good education. Make sure you follow all of the home schooling requirements set out by your state government pretaining to alternative education and alternative schools.

 

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